Checklist of the birds of Utsira

Compiled by Geir MobakkenIMG 9732 Kopi 2

 

Species order, taxonomy and English names follow the IOC world bird list, Norwegian names follow the Norwegian bird name committee and status follow the Norwegian rare birds committee.

 

As of 31st December 2020 there have been 333 bird species occurring in an apparently natural state on Utsira. Species and subspecies for which descriptions are required have been accepted by the relevant rare birds committee; exceptions to this are recent records still under consideration (marked with an asterisk, not included in the total).

 

All species have been accepted to species level except certain species pairs listed after the main list (not included in the total), and all have been seen alive except Western Barn Owl (found dead in the middle of the island, included in the total).

 

The Utsira list is based on European standards using the categories A–E as follows:

 

Category A (natural occurrences dated 1950–)

 

Category B (natural occurrences dated 1800–1949 only)

 

Category D (occurrences with uncertain origin)

 

Categories C and E (non-natural occurrences)

 

Breakdown of the Utsira list:  

 

Category A     333
Category B      0
Total                              333
Category D     0
   
Categories C and E  18

Gill, F., Donsker, D. and Rasmussen, P. (eds.) 2021. IOC world bird list (11.2). www.worldbirdnames.org

 

Category A      
Brant Goose   Branta bernicla  
      B. b. bernicla
      B. b. hrota
Barnacle Goose   Branta leucopsis  
Greylag Goose   Anser anser  
Taiga Bean Goose   Anser fabalis  
Pink-footed Goose   Anser brachyrhynchus  
Tundra Bean Goose   Anser serrirostris  
Greater White-fronted Goose   Anser albifrons  
      A. a. flavirostris
      A. a. albifrons
Mute Swan   Cygnus olor  
Tundra Swan   Cygnus columbianus  
Whooper Swan   Cygnus cygnus  
Common Shelduck   Tadorna tadorna  
Garganey   Spatula querquedula  
Northern Shoveler   Spatula clypeata  
Gadwall   Mareca strepera  
Eurasian Wigeon   Mareca penelope  
Mallard   Anas platyrhynchos  
Northern Pintail   Anas acuta  
Eurasian Teal   Anas crecca  
Common Pochard   Aythya ferina  
Tufted Duck   Aythya fuligula  
Greater Scaup   Aythya marila  
Steller´s Eider   Polysticta stelleri  
King Eider   Somateria spectabilis  
Common Eider   Somateria mollissima  
Velvet Scoter   Melanitta fusca  
Common Scoter   Melanitta nigra  
Long-tailed Duck   Clangula hyemalis  
Common Goldeneye   Bucephala clangula  
Smew   Mergellus albellus  
Common Merganser   Mergus merganser  
Red-breasted Merganser   Mergus serrator  
Black Grouse   Lyrurus tetrix  
Common Quail   Coturnix coturnix  
European Nightjar   Caprimulgus europaeus  
Alpine Swift   Tachymarptis melba  
Common Swift   Apus apus  
Pallid Swift   Apus pallidus  
Great Spotted Cuckoo   Clamator glandarius  
Common Cuckoo   Cuculus canorus  
Stock Dove   Columba oenas  
Common Wood Pigeon   Columba palumbus  
European Turtle Dove   Streptopelia turtur  
Eurasian Collared Dove   Streptopelia decaocto  
Water Rail   Rallus aquaticus  
Corn Crake   Crex crex  
Spotted Crake   Porzana porzana  
Common Moorhen   Gallinula chloropus  
Eurasian Coot   Fulica atra  
Common Crane   Grus grus  
Little Grebe   Tachybaptus ruficollis  
Red-necked Grebe   Podiceps grisegena  
Great Crested Grebe   Podiceps cristatus  
Horned Grebe   Podiceps auritus  
Eurasian Stone-curlew   Burhinus oedicnemus  
Eurasian Oystercatcher   Haematopus ostralegus   
Pied Avocet   Recurvirostra avosetta  
Northern Lapwing   Vanellus vanellus  
European Golden Plover   Pluvialis apricaria  
Pacific Golden Plover   Pluvialis fulva  
Grey Plover   Pluvialis squatarola  
Common Ringed Plover   Charadrius hiaticula  
      C. h. hiaticula
      C. h. tundrae
Little Ringed Plover   Charadrius dubius  
Eurasian Dotterel   Charadrius morinellus  
Whimbrel   Numenius phaeopus  
Eurasian Curlew   Numenius arquata  
Bar-tailed Godwit   Limosa lapponica  
Black-tailed Godwit   Limosa limosa  
      L. l. islandica
      L. l. limosa
Ruddy Turnstone   Arenaria interpres  
Red Knot   Calidris canutus  
      C. c. canutus
      C. c. islandica
Ruff   Calidris pugnax  
Curlew Sandpiper   Calidris ferruginea  
Temminck´s Stint   Calidris temminckii  
Sanderling   Calidris alba  
Dunlin   Calidris alpina  
      C. a. schinzii
      C. a. alpina
Purple Sandpiper   Calidris maritima  
Little Stint   Calidris minuta  
Buff-breasted Sandpiper   Calidris subruficollis  
Pectoral Sandpiper   Calidris melanotos  
Eurasian Woodcock   Scolopax rusticola  
Jack Snipe   Lymnocryptes minimus  
Great Snipe   Gallinago media  
Common Snipe   Gallinago gallinago  
Red-necked Phalarope   Phalaropus lobatus  
Red Phalarope   Phalaropus fulicarius  
Common Sandpiper   Actitis hypoleucos  
Spotted Sandpiper   Actitis macularius  
Green Sandpiper   Tringa ochropus  
Common Redshank   Tringa totanus  
      T. t. robusta
      T. t. totanus
Wood Sandpiper   Tringa glareola  
Spotted Redshank   Tringa erythropus  
Common Greenshank   Tringa nebularia  
Black-legged Kittiwake    Rissa tridactyla   
Sabine´s Gull   Xema sabini  
Black-headed Gull   Chroicocephalus ridibundus  
Little Gull   Hydrocoloeus minutus  
Laughing Gull   Leucophaeus atricilla  
Mediterranean Gull   Ichthyaetus melanocephalus  
Common Gull   Larus canus  
Ring-billed Gull   Larus delawarensis  
Great Black-backed Gull   Larus marinus  
Glaucous Gull   Larus hyperboreus  
Iceland Gull   Larus glaucoides  
      L. g. glaucoides
      L. g. kumlieni
European Herring Gull   Larus argentatus  
      L. a. argenteus
      L. a. argentatus
Lesser Black-backed Gull   Larus fuscus  
      L. f. graellsii
      L. f. intermedius
Caspian Tern   Hydroprogne caspia  
Sandwich Tern   Thalasseus sandvicensis  
Little Tern   Sternula albifrons  
Common Tern   Sterna hirundo  
Arctic Tern   Sterna paradisaea  
White-winged Tern   Chlidonias leucopterus  
Black Tern   Chlidonias niger  
Great Skua    Stercorarius skua   
Pomarine Jaeger   Stercorarius pomarinus  
Parasitic Jaeger   Stercorarius parasiticus  
Long-tailed Jaeger   Stercorarius longicaudus  
Little Auk   Alle alle  
Common Murre   Uria aalge  
      U. a. aalge
      U. a. hyperborea
      U. a. albionis
Razorbill   Alca torda  
      A. t. torda
      A. t. islandica
Black Guillemot   Cepphus grylle  
Atlantic Puffin   Fratercula arctica  
Red-throated Loon   Gavia stellata  
Black-throated Loon   Gavia arctica  
Common Loon   Gavia immer  
Yellow-billed Loon   Gavia adamsii  
Black-browed Albatross   Thalassarche melanophris  
European Storm Petrel   Hydrobates pelagicus  
Leach´s Storm Petrel   Hydrobates leucorhous  
Northern Fulmar   Fulmarus glacialis  
Sooty Shearwater   Ardenna grisea  
Great Shearwater   Ardenna gravis  
Manx Shearwater   Puffinus puffinus  
Balearic Shearwater   Puffinus mauretanicus  
White Stork   Ciconia ciconia  
Northern Gannet   Morus bassanus  
Great Cormorant   Phalacrocorax carbo  
      P. c. carbo
      P. c. sinensis
European Shag   Gulosus aristotelis  
Eurasian Spoonbill   Platalea leucorodia  
Eurasian Bittern   Botaurus stellaris  
Little Bittern   Ixobrychus minutus  
Black-crowned Night Heron   Nycticorax nycticorax  
Grey Heron   Ardea cinerea  
Great Egret   Ardea alba  
Little Egret   Egretta garzetta  
Western Osprey   Pandion haliaetus  
European Honey Buzzard   Pernis apivorus  
Golden Eagle   Aquila chrysaetos  
Eurasian Sparrowhawk   Accipiter nisus  
Northern Goshawk   Accipiter gentilis  
Western Marsh Harrier   Circus aeruginosus  
Hen Harrier   Circus cyaneus  
Pallid Harrier   Circus macrourus  
Montagu´s Harrier   Circus pygargus  
Red Kite   Milvus milvus  
Black Kite   Milvus migrans  
White-tailed Eagle   Haliaeetus albicilla  
Rough-legged Buzzard   Buteo lagopus  
Common Buzzard   Buteo buteo  
† Western Barn Owl   Tyto alba  
Boreal Owl   Aegolius funereus  
Northern Hawk-Owl   Surnia ulula  
Long-eared Owl   Asio otus  
Short-eared Owl   Asio flammeus  
Snowy Owl   Bubo scandiacus  
Tawny Owl   Strix aluco  
Eurasian Hoopoe   Upupa epops  
Common Kingfisher   Alcedo atthis  
European Bee-eater   Merops apiaster  
Eurasian Wryneck   Jynx torquilla  
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker   Dryobates minor  
Great Spotted Woodpecker   Dendrocopos major  
European Green Woodpecker   Picus viridis  
Grey-headed Woodpecker   Picus canus  
Common Kestrel   Falco tinnunculus  
Red-footed Falcon   Falco vespertinus  
Merlin   Falco columbarius  
Eurasian Hobby   Falco subbuteo  
Gyrfalcon   Falco rusticolus  
Peregrine Falcon   Falco peregrinus  
Brown Shrike    Lanius cristatus   
Red-backed Shrike   Lanius collurio  
Isabelline Shrike   Lanius isabellinus  
Red-tailed Shrike   Lanius phoenicuroides  
Lesser Grey Shrike   Lanius minor  
Great Grey Shrike   Lanius excubitor  
      L. e. excubitor
      L. e. pallidirostris
Woodchat Shrike   Lanius senator  
      L. s. senator
      L. s. badius
Masked Shrike   Lanius nubicus  
Red-eyed Vireo   Vireo olivaceus  
Eurasian Golden Oriole   Oriolus oriolus  
Eurasian Jay   Garrulus glandarius  
Eurasian Magpie   Pica pica  
Spotted Nutcracker   Nucifraga caryocatactes  
Western Jackdaw   Coloeus monedula  
Rook   Corvus frugilegus  
Carrion Crow   Corvus corone  
Hooded Crow   Corvus cornix  
Northern Raven   Corvus corax  
Bohemian Waxwing    Bombycilla garrulus   
Coal Tit    Periparus ater   
Eurasian Blue Tit    Cyanistes caeruleus   
Great Tit   Parus major  
Woodlark   Lullula arborea  
Eurasian Skylark   Alauda arvensis  
Horned Lark   Eremophila alpestris  
Greater Short-toed Lark   Calandrella brachydactyla  
Calandra Lark   Melanocorypha calandra  
Sand Martin   Riparia riparia  
Barn Swallow   Hirundo rustica  
Common House Martin   Delichon urbicum  
Red-rumped Swallow   Cecropis daurica  
      C. d. daurica/japonica
      C. d. rufula
Long-tailed Tit   Aegithalos caudatus  
Wood Warbler   Phylloscopus sibilatrix  
Western Bonelli´s Warbler   Phylloscopus bonelli  
Hume´s Leaf Warbler   Phylloscopus humei  
Yellow-browed Warbler   Phylloscopus inornatus  
Pallas´s Leaf Warbler   Phylloscopus proregulus  
Radde´s Warbler   Phylloscopus schwarzi  
Dusky Warbler   Phylloscopus fuscatus  
Willow Warbler   Phylloscopus trochilus  
      P. t. trochilus 
      P. t. acredula
Common Chiffchaff   Phylloscopus collybita  
      P. c. abietinus
      P. c. collybita
      P. c. tristis
Greenish Warbler   Phylloscopus trochiloides  
Arctic Warbler    Phylloscopus borealis   
Great Reed Warbler   Acrocephalus arundinaceus  
Sedge Warbler   Acrocephalus schoenobaenus  
Paddyfield Warbler   Acrocephalus agricola  
Blyth´s Reed Warbler   Acrocephalus dumetorum  
Eurasian Reed Warbler   Acrocephalus scirpaceus  
Marsh Warbler   Acrocephalus palustris  
Thick-billed Warbler   Arundinax aedon  
Booted Warbler   Iduna caligata  
Sykes´s Warbler   Iduna rama  
Eastern Olivaceous Warbler   Iduna pallida  
Melodious Warbler   Hippolais polyglotta  
Icterine Warbler   Hippolais icterina  
Pallas´s Grasshopper Warbler   Helopsaltes certhiola  
Lanceolated Warbler   Locustella lanceolata  
Common Grasshopper Warbler   Locustella naevia  
Eurasian Blackcap   Sylvia atricapilla  
Garden Warbler   Sylvia borin  
Barred Warbler   Curruca nisoria  
Lesser Whitethroat   Curruca curruca  
      C. c. curruca
      C. c. blythi
Western Subalpine Warbler   Curruca iberiae
 
Eastern Subalpine Warbler    Curruca cantillans  
Common Whitethroat   Curruca communis  
Common Firecrest   Regulus ignicapilla  
Goldcrest   Regulus regulus  
Eurasian Wren    Troglodytes troglodytes   
Eurasian Nuthatch   Sitta europaea  
Eurasian Treecreeper   Certhia familiaris  
Rosy Starling   Pastor roseus  
Common Starling   Sturnus vulgaris  
Swainson´s Thrush   Catharus ustulatus  
Grey-cheeked Thrush   Catharus minimus  
Veery   Catharus fuscescens  
White´s Thrush   Zoothera aurea  
Siberian Thrush   Geokichla sibirica  
Song Thrush   Turdus philomelos  
Mistle Thrush   Turdus viscivorus  
Redwing   Turdus iliacus  
      T. i. coburni
      T. i. iliacus
Common Blackbird   Turdus merula  
Eyebrowed Thrush   Turdus obscurus  
Fieldfare   Turdus pilaris  
Ring Ouzel   Turdus torquatus  
Black-throated Thrush   Turdus atrogularis  
Naumann´s Thrush   Turdus naumanni  
Spotted Flycatcher   Muscicapa striata  
European Robin   Erithacus rubecula  
Bluethroat   Luscinia svecica  
      L. s. svecica
      L. s. cyanecula
Thrush Nightingale   Luscinia luscinia  
Common Nightingale   Luscinia megarhynchos  
Siberian Rubythroat   Calliope calliope  
Red-flanked Bluetail   Tarsiger cyanurus  
Red-breasted Flycatcher   Ficedula parva  
European Pied Flycatcher   Ficedula hypoleuca  
Collared Flycatcher   Ficedula albicollis  
Black Redstart   Phoenicurus ochruros  
Common Redstart   Phoenicurus phoenicurus  
Whinchat   Saxicola rubetra  
European Stonechat   Saxicola rubicola  
      S. r. hibernans
      S. r. rubicola
Siberian Stonechat   Saxicola maurus  
      S. m. hemprichii
      S. m. maurus
Northern Wheatear   Oenanthe oenanthe  
      O. o. leucorhoa
      O. o. oenanthe
Isabelline Wheatear   Oenanthe isabellina  
Desert Wheatear   Oenanthe deserti  
Pied Wheatear   Oenanthe pleschanka  
White-throated Dipper   Cinclus cinclus  
Eurasian Tree Sparrow   Passer montanus  
House Sparrow   Passer domesticus  
Siberian Accentor   Prunella montanella  
Dunnock   Prunella modularis  
Western Yellow Wagtail   Motacilla flava  
      M. f. flavissima
      M. f. flava
      M. f. feldegg
      M. f. thunbergi
Citrine Wagtail   Motacilla citreola  
Grey Wagtail   Motacilla cinerea  
White Wagtail   Motacilla alba  
      M. a. yarrellii
      M. a. alba
      M. a. personata
Richard´s Pipit   Anthus richardi  
Blyth´s Pipit   Anthus godlewskii  
Tawny Pipit   Anthus campestris  
Meadow Pipit   Anthus pratensis  
Tree Pipit   Anthus trivialis  
Olive-backed Pipit   Anthus hodgsoni  
Pechora Pipit   Anthus gustavi  
Red-throated Pipit   Anthus cervinus  
European Rock Pipit   Anthus petrosus  
Common Chaffinch   Fringilla coelebs  
Brambling   Fringilla montifringilla  
Hawfinch   Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Pine Grosbeak   Pinicola enucleator
Eurasian Bullfinch   Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Common Rosefinch   Carpodacus erythrinus  
European Greenfinch   Chloris chloris  
Twite   Linaria flavirostris  
Common Linnet   Linaria cannabina  
Common Redpoll   Acanthis flammea  
      A. f. flammea
      A. f. rostrata
Lesser Redpoll   Acanthis cabaret  
Arctic Redpoll   Acanthis hornemanni  
      A. h. exilipes
      A. h. hornemanni
Parrot Crossbill   Loxia pytyopsittacus  
Red Crossbill   Loxia curvirostra  
Two-barred Crossbill   Loxia leucoptera  
European Goldfinch   Carduelis carduelis  
Eurasian Siskin   Spinus spinus  
Lapland Longspur   Calcarius lapponicus  
Snow Bunting   Plectrophenax nivalis  
Corn Bunting   Emberiza calandra  
Yellowhammer   Emberiza citrinella  
Pine Bunting   Emberiza leucocephalos  
Ortolan Bunting   Emberiza hortulana  
Little Bunting   Emberiza pusilla  
Rustic Bunting   Emberiza rustica  
Yellow-breasted Bunting   Emberiza aureola  
Chestnut Bunting   Emberiza rutila  
Black-headed Bunting   Emberiza melanocephala  
Common Reed Bunting   Emberiza schoeniclus  
Baltimore Oriole   Icterus galbula  
Cape May Warbler   Setophaga tigrina  
Myrtle Warbler   Setophaga coronata  
Rose-breasted Grosbeak    Pheucticus ludovicianus   
       
Species pairs      
Scopoli´s/Cory´s Shearwater   Calonectris diomedea/borealis  
Marsh/Willow Tit   Poecile palustris/montanus  
Western/Eastern Black-eared Wheatear    Oenanthe hispanica/melanoleuca  
       
Category C      
Canada Goose   Branta canadensis  
Bar-headed Goose   Anser indicus  
Mandarin Duck   Aix galericulata  
Feral Pigeon   Columba livia
 
       
Category E      
Muscovy Duck   Cairina moschata  
Himalayan Monal   Lophophorus impejanus  
Lady Amherst´s Pheasant   Chrysolophus amherstiae  
Red Junglefowl   Gallus gallus  
Japanese Quail   Coturnix japonica  
Lesser Flamingo   Phoeniconaias minor  
Bearded Vulture   Gypaetus barbatus  
Budgerigar   Melopsittacus undulatus  
Pallas´s Rosefinch   Carpodacus roseus  
Grey-capped Greenfinch   Chloris sinica  
Yellow-fronted Canary   Crithagra mozambica  
Yellow-throated Bunting   Emberiza elegans  
Red-headed Bunting   Emberiza bruniceps  
Lazuli Bunting   Passerina amoena