Checklist of the birds of Utsira

altCompiled by Geir Mobakken

 

Categorisation, sequence and taxonomy follow the British Ornithologists´ Union Records Committee and English names follow the International Ornithologists´ Union.

As of 31st December 2016 there have been 326 species occurring in an apparently natural state on Utsira. All locally and nationally rare species and for which descriptions are required, have been accepted by the respective rare birds committee. Exceptions to this are recent records still under consideration (these are marked with an asterisk and are not included in the total).

All species have been accepted to species level except Willow/Marsh Tit (listed but not counted) and all have been seen alive except Barn Owl (found dead in the middle of the island, counted). Species on Category A (none on Category B) appear first, followed by species on Categories C, D and E.

 

Category A:      
Mute Swan   Cygnus olor  
Tundra Swan   Cygnus columbianus  
Whooper Swan   Cygnus cygnus  
Bean Goose   Anser fabalis  
      A. f. fabalis
      A. f. rossicus
Pink-footed Goose   Anser brachyrhynchus  
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons  
      A. a. albifrons
      A. a. flavirostris
Greylag Goose   Anser anser  
Barnacle Goose   Branta leucopsis  
Brant Goose   Branta bernicla  
      B. b. bernicla
      B. b. hrota
Common Shelduck   Tadorna tadorna  
Eurasian Wigeon   Anas penelope  
Gadwall   Anas strepera  
Eurasian Teal   Anas crecca  
Mallard   Anas platyrhynchos  
Northern Pintail   Anas acuta  
Garganey   Anas querquedula  
Northern Shoveler   Anas clypeata  
Common Pochard   Aythya ferina  
Tufted Duck   Aythya fuligula  
Greater Scaup   Aythya marila  
Common Eider   Somateria mollissima  
King Eider   Somateria spectabilis  
Steller´s Eider   Polysticta stelleri  
Long-tailed Duck   Clangula hyemalis  
Common Scoter   Melanitta nigra  
Velvet Scoter   Melanitta fusca  
Common Goldeneye   Bucephala clangula  
Smew   Mergellus albellus  
Red-breasted Merganser   Mergus serrator  
Common Merganser   Mergus merganser  
Common Quail   Coturnix coturnix  
Black Grouse   Tetrao tetrix  
Red-throated Loon   Gavia stellata  
Black-throated Loon   Gavia arctica  
Common Loon   Gavia immer  
Yellow-billed Loon   Gavia adamsii  
Black-browed Albatross   Thalassarche melanophris  
Northern Fulmar   Fulmarus glacialis  
Great Shearwater   Puffinus gravis  
Sooty Shearwater   Puffinus griseus  
Manx Shearwater   Puffinus puffinus  
Balearic Shearwater   Puffinus mauretanicus  
European Storm Petrel   Hydrobates pelagicus  
Leach´s Storm Petrel   Oceanodroma leucorhoa  
Northern Gannet   Morus bassanus  
Great Cormorant   Phalacrocorax carbo  
      Ph. c. carbo
      Ph. c. sinensis
European Shag   Phalacrocorax aristotelis  
Little Bittern   Ixobrychus minutus  
Black-crowned Night Heron   Nycticorax nycticorax  
Little Egret   Egretta garzetta  
Great Egret   Ardea alba  
Grey Heron   Ardea cinerea  
White Stork   Ciconia ciconia  
Eurasian Spoonbill   Platalea leucorodia  
Little Grebe   Tachybaptus ruficollis  
Great Crested Grebe   Podiceps cristatus  
Red-necked Grebe   Podiceps grisegena  
Horned Grebe   Podiceps auritus  
European Honey Buzzard   Pernis apivorus  
Black Kite   Milvus migrans  
Red Kite   Milvus milvus  
White-tailed Eagle   Haliaeetus albicilla  
Western Marsh Harrier   Circus aeruginosus  
Hen Harrier   Circus cyaneus  
Pallid Harrier   Circus macrourus  
Montagu´s Harrier   Circus pygargus  
Northern Goshawk   Accipiter gentilis  
Eurasian Sparrowhawk   Accipiter nisus  
Common Buzzard   Buteo buteo  
Rough-legged Buzzard   Buteo lagopus  
Golden Eagle   Aquila chrysaetos  
Osprey   Pandion haliaetus  
Water Rail   Rallus aquaticus  
Spotted Crake   Porzana porzana  
Corn Crake   Crex crex  
Common Moorhen   Gallinula chloropus  
Eurasian Coot   Fulica atra  
Common Crane   Grus grus  
Eurasian Stone-curlew   Burhinus oedicnemus  
Pied Avocet   Recurvirostra avosetta  
Eurasian Oystercatcher   Haematopus ostralegus  
Grey Plover   Pluvialis squatarola  
European Golden Plover   Pluvialis apricaria  
Pacific Golden Plover   Pluvialis fulva  
Eurasian Dotterel   Charadrius morinellus  
Common Ringed Plover   Charadrius hiaticula  
      Ch. h. hiaticula
      Ch. h. tundrae
Little Ringed Plover   Charadrius dubius  
Northern Lapwing   Vanellus vanellus  
Whimbrel   Numenius phaeopus  
Eurasian Curlew   Numenius arquata  
Black-tailed Godwit   Limosa limosa  
      L. l. limosa
      L. l. islandica
Bar-tailed Godwit   Limosa lapponica  
Ruddy Turnstone   Arenaria interpres  
Red Knot   Calidris canutus  
Ruff   Calidris pugnax  
Curlew Sandpiper   Calidris ferruginea  
Temminck´s Stint   Calidris temminckii  
Sanderling   Calidris alba  
Dunlin   Calidris alpina  
Purple Sandpiper   Calidris maritima  
Little Stint   Calidris minuta  
Buff-breasted Sandpiper   Calidris subruficollis  
Pectoral Sandpiper   Calidris melanotos  
Red-necked Phalarope   Phalaropus lobatus  
Red Phalarope   Phalaropus fulicarius  
Common Sandpiper   Actitis hypoleucos  
Spotted Sandpiper   Actitis macularius  
Green Sandpiper   Tringa ochropus  
Spotted Redshank   Tringa erythropus  
Common Greenshank   Tringa nebularia  
Wood Sandpiper   Tringa glareola  
Common Redshank   Tringa totanus  
Jack Snipe   Lymnocryptes minimus  
Eurasian Woodcock   Scolopax rusticola  
Common Snipe   Gallinago gallinago  
Great Snipe   Gallinago media  
Pomarine Jaeger   Stercorarius pomarinus  
Parasitic Jaeger   Stercorarius parasiticus  
Long-tailed Jaeger   Stercorarius longicaudus  
Great Skua   Stercorarius skua  
Atlantic Puffin   Fratercula arctica  
Black Guillemot   Cepphus grylle  
Razorbill   Alca torda  
Little Auk   Alle alle  
Common Murre   Uria aalge  
Little Tern   Sternula albifrons  
Caspian Tern   Hydroprogne caspia  
Black Tern   Chlidonias niger  
White-winged Tern   Chlidonias leucopterus  
Sandwich Tern   Sterna sandvicensis  
Common Tern   Sterna hirundo  
Arctic Tern   Sterna paradisaea  
Sabine´s Gull   Xema sabini  
Black-legged Kittiwake   Rissa tridactyla  
Black-headed Gull   Chroicocephalus ridibundus  
Little Gull   Hydrocoloeus minutus  
Laughing Gull   Larus atricilla  
Mediterranean Gull   Larus melanocephalus  
Mew Gull   Larus canus  
Ring-billed Gull   Larus delawarensis  
Lesser Black-backed Gull   Larus fuscus  
      L. f. fuscus
      L. f. graellsii
      L. f. intermedius
Herring Gull   Larus argentatus  
Iceland Gull   Larus glaucoides  
      L. g. glaucoides
      L. g. kumlieni
Glaucous Gull   Larus hyperboreus  
Great Black-backed Gull   Larus marinus  
Stock Dove   Columba oenas  
Common Wood Pigeon   Columba palumbus  
Eurasian Collared Dove   Streptopelia decaocto  
European Turtle Dove   Streptopelia turtur  
Great Spotted Cuckoo   Clamator glandarius  
Common Cuckoo   Cuculus canorus  
Barn Owl   Tyto alba  
Snowy Owl   Bubo scandiacus  
Northern Hawk-Owl   Surnia ulula  
Long-eared Owl   Asio otus  
Short-eared Owl   Asio flammeus  
Boreal Owl   Aegolius funereus  
European Nightjar   Caprimulgus europaeus  
Common Swift   Apus apus  
Pallid Swift   Apus pallidus  
Alpine Swift   Apus melba  
Eurasian Hoopoe   Upupa epops  
European Bee-eater   Merops apiaster  
Common Kingfisher   Alcedo atthis  
Eurasian Wryneck   Jynx torquilla  
Grey-headed Woodpecker   Picus canus  
European Green Woodpecker Picus viridis  
Great Spotted Woodpecker   Dendrocopos major  
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker   Dryobates minor  
Common Kestrel   Falco tinnunculus  
Red-footed Falcon   Falco vespertinus  
Merlin   Falco columbarius  
Eurasian Hobby   Falco subbuteo  
Gyrfalcon   Falco rusticolus  
Peregrine Falcon   Falco peregrinus  
Eurasian Golden Oriole   Oriolus oriolus  
Brown Shrike   Lanius cristatus  
Isabelline Shrike   Lanius isabellinus  
      L. i. isabellinus
      L. i. phoenicuroides
Red-backed Shrike   Lanius collurio  
Lesser Grey Shrike   Lanius minor  
Great Grey Shrike   Lanius excubitor  
Southern Grey Shrike   Lanius meridionalis  
Woodchat Shrike   Lanius senator  
      L. s. senator
      L. s. badius
Masked Shrike   Lanius nubicus  
Eurasian Magpie   Pica pica  
Eurasian Jay   Garrulus glandarius  
Spotted Nutcracker   Nucifraga caryocatactes  
Western Jackdaw   Corvus monedula  
Rook   Corvus frugilegus  
Carrion Crow   Corvus corone  
Hooded Crow   Corvus cornix  
Northern Raven   Corvus corax  
Goldcrest   Regulus regulus  
Common Firecrest   Regulus ignicapilla  
Woodlark   Lullula arborea  
Eurasian Skylark   Alauda arvensis  
Horned Lark   Eremophila alpestris  
Greater Short-toed Lark   Calandrella brachydactyla  
Calandra Lark   Melanocorypha calandra  
Sand Martin   Riparia riparia  
Barn Swallow   Hirundo rustica  
Common House Martin   Delichon urbicum  
Red-rumped Swallow   Cecropis daurica  
Blue Tit   Cyanistes caeruleus  
Great Tit   Parus major  
Coal Tit   Periparus ater  
Willow/Marsh Tit   Poecile montana/palustris  
Long-tailed Tit   Aegithalos caudatus  
Greenish Warbler   Phylloscopus trochiloides  
Arctic Warbler   Phylloscopus borealis  
Pallas´s Leaf Warbler   Phylloscopus proregulus  
Yellow-browed Warbler   Phylloscopus inornatus  
Hume´s Leaf Warbler   Phylloscopus humei  
Radde´s Warbler   Phylloscopus schwarzi  
Dusky Warbler   Phylloscopus fuscatus  
Western Bonelli´s Warbler   Phylloscopus bonelli  
Wood Warbler   Phylloscopus sibilatrix  
Common Chiffchaff   Phylloscopus collybita  
      Ph. c. collybita
      Ph. c. abietinus
      Ph. c. tristis
Willow Warbler   Phylloscopus trochilus  
      Ph. t. trochilus
      Ph. t. acredula
Eurasian Blackcap   Sylvia atricapilla  
Garden Warbler   Sylvia borin  
Barred Warbler   Sylvia nisoria  
Lesser Whitethroat   Sylvia curruca  
Subalpine Warbler   Sylvia cantillans  
      S. c. cantillans/albistriata
      S. c. inornata/iberiae*
Common Whitethroat   Sylvia communis  
Pallas´s Grasshopper Warbler Locustella certhiola  
Lanceolated Warbler   Locustella lanceolata  
Common Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia  
Thick-billed Warbler   Iduna aedon  
Booted Warbler   Iduna caligata  
Sykes´s Warbler   Iduna rama  
Eastern Olivaceous Warbler   Iduna pallida  
Icterine Warbler   Hippolais icterina  
Melodious Warbler   Hippolais polyglotta  
Sedge Warbler   Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield Warbler   Acrocephalus agricola  
Blyth´s Reed Warbler   Acrocephalus dumetorum  
Marsh Warbler   Acrocephalus palustris  
Eurasian Reed Warbler   Acrocephalus scirpaceus  
Great Reed Warbler   Acrocephalus arundinaceus  
Bohemian Waxwing   Bombycilla garrulus  
Eurasian Nuthatch   Sitta europaea  
Eurasian Treecreeper   Certhia familiaris  
Winter Wren   Troglodytes troglodytes  
Common Starling   Sturnus vulgaris  
Rosy Starling   Pastor roseus  
White-throated Dipper   Cinclus cinclus  
White´s Thrush   Zoothera dauma  
Swainson´s Thrush   Catharus ustulatus  
Grey-cheeked Thrush   Catharus minimus  
Siberian Thrush   Geokichla sibirica  
Ring Ouzel   Turdus torquatus  
Common Blackbird   Turdus merula  
Eyebrowed Thrush   Turdus obscurus  
Naumann´s Thrush   Turdus naumanni  
Black-throated Thrush   Turdus atrogularis  
Fieldfare   Turdus pilaris  
Song Thrush   Turdus philomelos  
Redwing   Turdus iliacus  
      T. i. iliacus
      T. i. coburni
Mistle Thrush   Turdus viscivorus  
Spotted Flycatcher   Muscicapa striata  
European Robin   Erithacus rubecula  
Thrush Nightingale   Luscinia luscinia  
Common Nightingale   Luscinia megarhynchos  
Bluethroat   Luscinia svecica  
Siberian Rubythroat   Calliope calliope  
Red-flanked Bluetail   Tarsiger cyanurus  
Red-breasted Flycatcher   Ficedula parva  
Collared Flycatcher   Ficedula albicollis  
European Pied Flycatcher   Ficedula hypoleuca  
Black Redstart   Phoenicurus ochruros  
Common Redstart   Phoenicurus phoenicurus  
Whinchat   Saxicola rubetra  
Siberian Stonechat   Saxicola maurus  
      S. m. maurus/stejnegeri
      S. m. variegatus
European Stonechat   Saxicola rubicola  
Northern Wheatear   Oenanthe oenanthe  
      Oe. oe. oenanthe
      Oe. oe. leucorhoa
Isabelline Wheatear   Oenanthe isabellina  
Desert Wheatear   Oenanthe deserti  
Black-eared Wheatear   Oenanthe hispanica  
Pied Wheatear   Oenanthe pleschanka  
Dunnock   Prunella modularis  
Siberian Accentor   Prunella montanella  
House Sparrow   Passer domesticus  
Eurasian Tree Sparrow   Passer montanus  
Yellow Wagtail   Motacilla flava  
      M. f. flava
      M. f. feldegg
      M. f. flavissima
      M. f. thunbergi
Citrine Wagtail   Motacilla citreola  
Grey Wagtail   Motacilla cinerea  
White Wagtail   Motacilla alba  
      M. a. alba
      M. a. yarrellii
Richard´s Pipit   Anthus richardi  
Blyth´s Pipit   Anthus godlewskii*  
Tawny Pipit   Anthus campestris  
Olive-backed Pipit   Anthus hodgsoni  
Tree Pipit   Anthus trivialis  
Pechora Pipit   Anthus gustavi  
Meadow Pipit   Anthus pratensis  
Red-throated Pipit   Anthus cervinus  
Eurasian Rock Pipit   Anthus petrosus  
Brambling   Fringilla montifringilla  
Common Chaffinch   Fringilla coelebs  
Hawfinch   Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Common Rosefinch   Erythrina erythrina  
Pine Grosbeak   Pinicola enucleator  
Eurasian Bullfinch   Pyrrhula pyrrhula  
European Greenfinch   Chloris chloris  
Common Linnet   Linaria cannabina  
Twite   Linaria flavirostris  
Lesser Redpoll   Acanthis cabaret  
Common Redpoll   Acanthis flammea  
      A. f. flammea
      A. f. rostrata
Arctic Redpoll   Acanthis hornemanni  
      A. h. hornemanni
      A. h. exilipes
Two-barred Crossbill   Loxia leucoptera  
Red Crossbill   Loxia curvirostra  
Parrot Crossbill   Loxia pytyopsittacus  
European Goldfinch   Carduelis carduelis  
Eurasian Siskin   Spinus spinus  
Snow Bunting   Plectrophenax nivalis  
Lapland Longspur   Calcarius lapponicus  
Rose-breasted Grosbeak   Pheucticus ludovicianus  
Black-headed Bunting   Emberiza melanocephala  
Corn Bunting   Emberiza calandra  
Ortolan Bunting   Emberiza hortulana  
Yellowhammer   Emberiza citrinella  
Pine Bunting   Emberiza leucocephalos  
Common Reed Bunting   Emberiza schoeniclus  
Yellow-breasted Bunting   Emberiza aureola  
Chestnut Bunting   Emberiza rutila
 
Little Bunting   Emberiza pusilla
 
Rustic Bunting   Emberiza rustica
 
Baltimore Oriole   Icterus galbula  
Yellow-rumped Warbler   Setophaga coronata  
       
Category C:      
Canada Goose   Branta canadensis  
Feral Pigeon   Columba livia `domestica`  
       
Category D:      
Bearded Vulture   Gypaetus barbatus  
Red-headed Bunting   Emberiza bruniceps  
       
Category E:      
Bar-headed Goose   Anser indicus  
Mandarin Duck   Aix galericulata  
Lesser Flamingo   Phoenicopterus minor  
Pallas´s Rosefinch   Carpodacus roseus  
Grey-capped Greenfinch   Chloris sinica  
Yellow-fronted Canary   Serinus mozambicus  
Lazuli Bunting   Passerina amoena  
Yellow-throated Bunting   Emberiza elegans